Parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC) is a severe complication of parenteral nutrition. Standard feed preparations contain soybean and olive oil that are rich in ω-6 polyunsaturated fats, and which studies suggest can be hepatotoxic. Preparations containing fish oil, rich in ω-3 polyunsaturated fats, may be hepatoprotective and have been used in the critical care setting as immunotherapy. A case demonstrating dramatic improvement in liver function and overall clinical condition in an adult with PNAC and intestinal failure within 8 weeks of changing to a fish oil-based parenteral feed is reported. As far as is known, this is the first report of an adult patient whose parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease resolved after a parenteral nutrition lipid emulsion was changed to the fish oil-containing emulsion, SMOFlipid.
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Patient consent Obtained.
Competing interests None.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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