Article Text

PDF
Research
A prospective study of faecal immunochemical testing following polypectomy in a colorectal cancer screening population
  1. David J Gibson1,
  2. Blathnaid Nolan1,
  3. Joanna Rea1,
  4. Maire Buckley1,
  5. Gareth Horgan1,
  6. Kieran Sheahan1,
  7. Glen A Doherty1,
  8. Diarmuid O’Donoghue2,
  9. Hugh E Mulcahy1,
  10. Alan Smith2,
  11. Garret Cullen1
  1. 1Centre for Colorectal Disease, St. Vincent’s University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
  2. 2National Colorectal Cancer Screening Programme, BowelScreen, Dublin, Ireland
  1. Correspondence to Dr David J Gibson, Centre for Colorectal Disease, St.Vincent’s University Hospital, Elm Park, Dublin 4, Ireland; gibsond{at}tcd.ie

Abstract

Introduction 52% of faecal immunohistochemistry test (FIT)-positive clients in the Irish National Colorectal Cancer Screening Programme (BowelScreen) have adenomatous polyps identified at colonoscopy in round 1. Although it is known that advanced adenomas and cancers cause an elevated FIT, it is not known if small (<5 mm) adenomas cause a positive FIT.

Aims Determine if removal of small polyps in an FIT-based colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programme is associated with a negative FIT on follow-up.

Methods A single-centre prospective observational study of consecutive participants attending for first round screening colonoscopy who had a positive FIT (>45 µg Hb/g) as part of the Irish Colorectal Cancer Screening Programme. Subjects were consented at the time of colonoscopy and were sent a repeat FIT 4–6 weeks later. Precolonoscopy and postcolonoscopy FITs were compared and correlated with clinical findings and endoscopic intervention.

Results 112 consecutive first round participants were recruited. Eight (7%) had cancer, 75 (67%) adenomatous polyps, 17 (15%) a normal colonoscopy and 12 (11%) other pathology. There was a clear difference in median FIT levels between the four groups (P=0.006). Advanced pathology (tumour or adenomatous polyp >1 cm) was associated with higher FIT than non-advanced pathology (median FIT 346 vs 89 P=0.0003). 83% (86/104) of subjects completed a follow-up FIT. Follow-up FIT remained positive in 20% (17/86). Polypectomy was associated with a reduction in FIT from a median of 100 to 5 µg Hb/g (P<0.0001). Removal of polyps >5 mm was the only factor independently associated with a negative follow-up FIT on multivariate analysis (OR 3.9 (1.3–11.9, P=0.04)).

Conclusion FIT is a sensitive test and levels increase with advanced colonic pathology. Polypectomy of advanced adenomas is associated with a negative follow-up FIT. However, alternative causes for a positive FIT should be considered in patients who have adenomas less than 5 mm detected or a normal colonoscopy.

  • adenoma
  • colorectal cancer screening
  • colorectal carcinoma

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • Contributors DJG, AS, GAD, HEM and GC were involved in study concept and design. DJG, DOD, KS, GAD, AS and GC were involved in drafting and revising of manuscript. DJG, HEM and GC were involved in statistical analysis. DJG, BN, JR, GH and MB were involved in acquisition of data and patient recruitment.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Ethics approval St. Vincent’s Healthcare Group Ethics and Medical Research Committee.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.