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Management patterns of gastric polyps in the United States

Abstract

Objective Recent guidelines on endoscopic sampling recommend complete gastric polyp removal for solitary fundic polyps >10 mm, hyperplastic polyps >5 mm and all adenomatous polyps. We aim to describe endoscopic approach to polyps in the time period prior to the American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) guidelines and to identify opportunities for clinical practice improvements.

Design Retrospective review of the Clinical Outcome Research Initiative (CORI) database, including all oesophagogastroduodenoscopies (OGDs). Reviewers grouped interventions during procedures based on instruments used for polyp sampling by forceps or snare polypectomy. Logistic regression estimated the effect of variables of interest on method of polypectomy.

Results Of 783 037 OGDs reported in the CORI database, 25 670 (3.3%) described gastric polyps and met the inclusion criteria. Mean gastric polyp size was 6.5±4.9 mm, and 46.2% and 14.5% were located in the corpus and antrum, respectively. Polyps in the forceps group were smaller than polyps in the snare group (5.7±4.0 mm vs 9.3±6.4 mm, respectively, p<0.001). We identified 1056 polyps (41.3%) >10 mm that only underwent forceps biopsy. Forceps were used more frequently in the gastric fundus.

Conclusions Snare polypectomy was underused in gastric polyps, per current ASGE guidelines. Anatomical location and endoscopic features of polyps were important predictors of the approach to gastric polypectomy.

  • endoscopic polypectomy
  • gastric pre-cancer

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