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Curriculum based clinical reviews
Autoimmune hepatitis and complexities in management

Abstract

Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a rare heterogenous immune-mediated liver disease that for the majority has effective therapy, usually resulting in excellent prognosis. Treatment is based on immunosuppression using standard therapy with corticosteroids and azathioprine. Second-line therapeutic options exist for those who are non-responders (‘difficult to treat AIH’) or intolerant to standard therapy; however, their use is not standardised, and in addition, there is vast variation in practice and efficacy. Given the rarity of AIH, expertise in its management can be limited to large referral programmes. In this case-based review, we aim to discuss common clinical dilemmas encountered by clinicians managing adult patients with AIH and address the related competencies in the 2010 Gastroenterology curriculum.

  • autoimmune hepatitis
  • autoimmune liver disease
  • liver transplantation
  • immune-mediated liver damage
  • immunotherapy

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