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Original research
Training in endotherapy for acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding: a UK-wide gastroenterology trainee survey
  1. Jonathan Segal1,
  2. Keith Siau2,3,
  3. Cynthia Kanagasundaram4,
  4. Alan Askari5,
  5. Paul Dunckley6,
  6. Allan John Morris7,8
  1. 1 Gastroenterology, St Mary's Hospital, London, UK
  2. 2 Joint Advisory Group on Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Royal College of Physicians, London, UK
  3. 3 Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
  4. 4 Luton and Dunstable Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Luton, UK
  5. 5 Department of Surgery, West Hertfordshire Hospitals NHS Trust, Watford, Hertfordshire, UK
  6. 6 Department of Gastroenterology, Gloucestershire Royal Hospital, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, UK
  7. 7 Acute Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding Endoscopy Quality Improvement Project Lead, British Society of Gastroenterology, London, UK
  8. 8 Department of Gastroenterology, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Jonathan Segal, Gastroenterology, St Mary's Hospital, London W2 1NY, UK; jonathansegal1{at}


Introduction Competence in endoscopic haemostasis for acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (AUGIB) is typically expected upon completion of gastroenterology training. However, training in haemostasis is currently variable without a structured training pathway. We conducted a national gastroenterology trainee survey on haemostasis exposure and on attitudes and barriers to training.

Methods A 24-item electronic survey was distributed to UK gastroenterology trainees covering the following domains: demographics, training setup, attitudes and barriers, confidence in managing AUGIB independently and exposure to individual haemostatic modalities (supervised and independent). Responses were analysed by region and training grade to assess potential variation in training.

Results A total of 181 trainees completed the questionnaire (response rate 33.5%). There was significant variation in AUGIB training setup across the UK (p<0.001), with 22.7% of trainees declaring no access to structured or ad hoc training. 31.5% expressed confidence in managing AUGIB independently; this varied by trainee grade (0% of first-year specialty trainees (ST3s) to 60.7% of final-years (ST7s)) and by training setup (p=0.001). ST7 trainees reported lack of experience with independently applying glue (86%), Hemospray (54%), heater probe (36%) and variceal banding (36%). Overall, 88% of trainees desired additional haemostasis training and 89% indicated support for a national certification process to ensure competence in AUGIB.

Conclusion AUGIB training in the UK is variable. The majority of gastroenterology trainees lacked confidence in haemostasis management and desired additional training. Training provision should be urgently reviewed to ensure that trainees receive adequate haemostasis exposure and are competent by completion of training.

  • gastrointestinal bleeding
  • bleeding peptic ulcer
  • oesophageal varices
  • gastrointestinal haemorrhage

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  • Contributors JPS, KS, CK, PD and AJM designed the study. JPS, KS designed the survey, analysed the data and wrote the manuscript. AA helped with the statistical analysis. All authors contributed to critical revisions of the manuscript. AJM is the guarantor of the article.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement Data are available upon reasonable request.

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