Objective Emergency interim guidance from the British Society for Gastroenterology (BSG) states that a no-biopsy strategy is possible to diagnose coeliac disease (CD) in adults with elevated transglutaminase IgA antibody (TGA-IgA) levels. We aimed to determine if the suggested TGA-IgA ≥10× ULN is safe and robust in making the diagnosis in adult patients in Scotland. We also aimed to establish if any important co-diagnoses would be missed if no biopsy was performed.
Method All positive coeliac serology results for patients aged >15 years in Scotland in 2016 (Grampian 2019) were accessed. Data were collected on demographics, TGA-IgA titres, D1 sampling, histology and macroscopic findings at upper and lower gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy.
Results 1037/1429 patients with positive serology proceeded to biopsy, of which 796/1037 (76.8%) were diagnosed as CD. A total of 320/322 (99.37%) patients with TGA-IgA ≥10× ULN were diagnosed as CD giving the cut-off a positive predictive value of 99.38%. No significant co-pathology was found at endoscopy in these patients.
Conclusion Our results show that a no-biopsy strategy using a cut-off of TGA-IgA ≥10× ULN is safe to diagnose CD and that no important pathology would be missed. The European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition 2020 and BSG COVID-19 interim guidelines are applicable to adult patients in Scotland.
- COELIAC DISEASE
Data availability statement
All data relevant to the study are included in the article or uploaded as supplementary information.
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Contributors AH, PG and SH: project concept. AH and PG equally prepared, revised and edited the manuscript with comments and review from all authors. AH: author acting as guarantor.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.