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Teaching and learning on the ward round
  1. Brian T Johnston1,
  2. Roland Valori2
  1. 1Department of Gastroenterology, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast, UK
  2. 2Department of Gastroenterology, Gloucestershire Royal Hospital, Gloucester, UK
  1. Correspondence to Professor Brian T Johnston, Department of Gastroenterology, Royal Victoria Hospital, Grosvenor Road, Belfast, BT12 6BA, UK; brian.johnston{at}


Because of the European Working-Time Directive and ‘the New Deal’, there has been a significant reduction in opportunities for training. To address this deficit, consultants and junior doctors will need to alter their approach, making greater use of the learning opportunities that arise ‘on the job’. This paper provides some ideas on how to maximise learning without radically increasing workload. The paper first looks at attitudes and behaviours that influence the learning environment. If the senior doctor encourages discussion and shows enthusiasm during clinical duties, junior doctors will learn more. Second, the paper focuses on key skills that can be adopted to ensure appropriate learning. These attitudes, behaviours and skills can help consultants and senior doctors improve the effectiveness of their teaching in an era when the time available for junior doctors to learn has been reduced.

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  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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