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Reassessing the value of gastroscopy for the investigation of dyspepsia
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  • Published on:
    Probably even less effective than claimed

    The authors rightly point out the low yield of gastroscopy in the management of, even complicated, dyspepsia. In fact it looks like gastroscopy is even less useful than the authors claim. There are several important points in the paper that deserve wider discussion. Firstly the authors state that they studied patients over 55 undergoing gastroscopy for dyspepsia, yet the mean age in the cohort was 58 with a standard deviation of 16 years: this implies that actually a substantial proportion of the subjects were in fact well under 55. The data on which the current 2-week wait pathways were based showed that the positive predictive value of all dyspeptic type symptoms, or symptom-combinations, in those under 55 was less than 1%, [1]. Hence by including these patients, the authors have not only confused the reading of their paper but also altered the potential perception of the utility of gastroscopy in relation to the 2-week wait criteria.
    Additionally the claimed usefulness of gastroscopy in 16% of cases seems rather high. Of the cancers in the cohort 3 out of 4 would have has a gastroscopy for indications over and above simple dyspepsia, at least 5 of the "positive" cases seemed to have been having the gastroscopy to obtain histology for a previously suspected condition (hence not simple dyspepsia), 12 benign ulcers would have been managed with acid suppression whether or not a gastroscopy was performed, presumably the oesophageal strictures significant enou...

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    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.