Extraintestinal manifestations of gastrointestinal disease can form an important aspect of the diagnosis, monitoring and management in these diseases. Ocular manifestations in particular are often disregarded and can, albeit rarely, present as an emergency.
- IBD clinical
- wilson’s disease
- primary biliary cirrhosis
- hepatobiliary disease
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Contributors HNH developed the idea for the article and contributed to writing the article. LI contributed to writing the article under the supervision of HNH.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent for publication Obtained.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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