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Review
Current recommendations on the role of diet in the aetiology and management of IBD
  1. Konstantinos Gerasimidis1,
  2. Lihi Godny2,
  3. Rotem Sigall-Boneh3,
  4. Vaios Svolos1,
  5. Catherine Wall4,
  6. Emma Halmos5
  1. 1Human Nutrition, School of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
  2. 2Division of Gastroenterology, Rabin Medical Center, Petah-Tikva and the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel
  3. 3Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition Unit, Wolfson Medical Center, Holon and the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel, Holon, Israel
  4. 4Department of Medicine and Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago Dunedin School of Medicine, Christchurch, New Zealand
  5. 5Department of Gastroenterology, Central Clinical School, Monash University, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Konstantinos Gerasimidis, Human Nutrition, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK; Konstantinos.Gerasimidis{at}glasgow.ac.uk

Abstract

Diet is a key modifier of risk of inflammatory bowel disease development and potentially a treatment option in patients with established disease. International organisations in gastroenterology and inflammatory bowel disease have published guidelines for the role of diet in disease onset and its management. Here, we discuss the major overarching themes arising from these guidelines and appraise recent literature on the role of diet for inflammatory bowel disease prevention, treatment of active disease and maintenance of remission, considering these themes. Except for exclusive enteral nutrition in active Crohn’s disease, we currently possess very little evidence to make any further dietary recommendations for the management of inflammatory bowel disease. There is also currently uncertainty on the extrapolation of epidemiological dietary signals on risk of disease development and preclinical experiments in animal models to management, once disease is established. Until high-quality evidence from clinical research becomes available, the only specific recommendations for inflammatory bowel disease we might safely give are those of healthy eating which apply for the general population for overall health and well-being.

  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • diet
  • dietary fibre

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Footnotes

  • Contributors KG convened the authors group and merged and produced the final draft for submission. KG and EH co-ordinated the project and are the guarantors of the article. All authors reviewed, edited and agreed with the final manuscript prior to submission and contributed to at least one of the sections of the article.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests KG received hospitality, research grants, honoraria and consulting fees from Nestle Health Science, Nutricia-Danone, Mylan, Abbott, Baxter and DrFalk. LG received honoraria from Pfizer and AbbVie. RS-B received speaker fees from Nestle Health Science, Takeda and Megapharm and consulting fees from Nestle Health Science. VS, CW and EH have no conflicts of interest to declare.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Supplemental material This content has been supplied by the author(s). It has not been vetted by BMJ Publishing Group Limited (BMJ) and may not have been peer-reviewed. Any opinions or recommendations discussed are solely those of the author(s) and are not endorsed by BMJ. BMJ disclaims all liability and responsibility arising from any reliance placed on the content. Where the content includes any translated material, BMJ does not warrant the accuracy and reliability of the translations (including but not limited to local regulations, clinical guidelines, terminology, drug names and drug dosages), and is not responsible for any error and/or omissions arising from translation and adaptation or otherwise.

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